Playing high school football and hockey raises risk of stimulant abuse – Consumer Health News
MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Playing certain sports in high school may lead to misuse of prescription stimulants in the years after graduation, according to a new study.
He reported that high school students who play contact sports are 50% more likely to abuse prescription stimulants in their twenties. Older adults who play sports are more likely than those who don’t to abuse these drugs, said lead author Philip Veliz, associate research professor at the University of Michigan School of Nursing.
Older adults who participate in non-contact sports are less likely to abuse prescription opioids over the next decade, but more likely to abuse stimulants than non-athletes, the study found.
“The findings bolster screening during adolescence, as nearly one in three high school students misuse prescription drugs,” co-author Sean Esteban McCabe said in a university press release. He is Senior Director of DASH, Michigan’s Center for the Study of Drug, Alcohol, Smoking, and Health.
For the national study, researchers collected data on more than 4,770 12th graders between 2006 and 2017. The students were followed for 10 years.
Investigators looked at contact sports, such as football, ice hockey, lacrosse and wrestling. They also looked at semi-contact sports, including baseball, basketball, field hockey and football, and non-contact sports such as cross-country, gymnastics, swimming, tennis, sports. athletics, volleyball and weightlifting.
They found that:
- In total, 31% of high school graduates have misused prescription drugs at least once.
- Among those who play contact sports, 11% of seniors have abused prescription stimulants.
- The abuse rate increased to 18% when the participants were 20 and 21 years old.
“The abuse of prescription opioids was higher for respondents who participated in contact sports during the 12th grade,” Veliz said in the release. “However, participation in this type of sport was not associated with the initiation of this type of sport. pattern of drug use among young adults.”
Veliz said the abuse of prescription opioids declined among adolescents and young adults over the study period as opioids became less available and there was greater awareness of the risks than they put.
Abuse of prescription opioid drugs and stimulants has declined significantly among teens since 2010, Veliz said.
“However, this study found that certain types of former high school athletes are at greater risk of abusing these drugs and initiating them in early adulthood. [between ages 19 and 21],” he said.
Veliz was surprised that teens who practice non-contact sports are more likely to start abusing stimulants in their 20s than those who don’t play non-contact sports.
Studies suggest that those who play non-contact sports do better academically and may look to the sport as a way to polish their resume for college admission. Young adults abuse stimulants because they mistakenly believe the drugs improve school performance, Veliz said.
The results were published online August 10 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention know more about teenage drug use.
SOURCE: University of Michigan, press release, August 10, 2022
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